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a period of time when all reinforcement is taken away from the youth after he or she has shown negative behavior. Therapists work with caregivers to effectively administer time-out for behaviors which need to be extinguished immediately. Caregivers will role-play and identify barriers to using the technique with therapist before using at home.

Do you know how to properly use time out? It is a lot trickier than it seems. Dr. Gregory Fabiano, associate professor of Counseling, School, and Educational Psychology at the University at Buffalo, breaks down this techqniue and walks parents through how to use it. Topics include helping parents understand why they might want to use time out, tips for using time out, how to explain time out to their children, how long and where time outs should be, and what to do when children get too old for time out. Please click here to watch the video. 

What should my therapist be doing?

  • Explaining how removing a child from an enjoyable activity will act as a form of mild punishment
  • Discussing how time out will discourage a child from engaging in negative behaviors in the future
  • Teaching you how to effectively use time out.

What should I be doing?

  • Consistently using time out at home
  • Reminding yourself that time out will not work immediately, but will provide long-term benefits for you and the child

How will I know if it is working?

  • Unwanted behaviors occur less often
  • Your child is able to improve his negative behaviors after receiving a warning